Programming/Git/Setting up development environment in Git Bash

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If you are used to command line-based development, you may wish to set up your development environment within Git Bash, an application for Microsoft Windows environments which provides an emulation layer for a Git command line experience. Bash is an acronym for Bourne Again Shell. A shell is a terminal application used to interface with an operating system through written commands.

Git Bash is included as part of the Git For Windows package. Download and install Git For Windows like other Windows applications. Once downloaded, find the included .exe file and open to execute Git Bash.

Installing Anaconda

Next, you need to install the Anaconda Python distribution on your system. You can download it from here. Once installed, conda won't be immediately available within Git Bash. Go into the directory where you installed Anaconda, then


in that directory you will find a file called Add it to the end of your ~/.bashrc file:

echo ". ${PWD}/" >> ~/.bashrc

If the path to contains spaces, you should use instead

echo ". '${PWD}'/" >> ~/.bashrc

Close and re-open Git Bash for the changes to take effect. You may see

WARNING: Found ~/.bashrc but no ~/bash_profile, ~/.bash_login or ~/.profile.

This looks like an incorrect setup.
A ~/.bash_profile that loads ~/.bashrc will be create for you.

That's not a problem.

Let's create a conda environment called "development":

conda create --name development

We then need to init bash,

conda init bash

close and reopen Git Bash, and activate the new conda environment:

conda activate development

Suppose we now want to do some C or C++ development. Let's install m2w64-gcc:

conda install -c conda-forge m2w64-gcc

We can now run




Perhaps we also want to develop in Fortran. In this case

conda install -c conda-forge m2w64-gcc-fortran

Then we can run


It's also useful to have Make:

conda install -c conda-forge make

so we can run



conda install -c conda-forge ninja

so we can run


Finally, CMake:

conda install -c conda-forge cmake

so we can run


At this point it may be a good idea to install some advanced software development editors, such as Emacs or Vim. Vim is available as a conda package:

conda install -c conda-forge vim

Then you can run